What is CBD?
CBD is just one of many cannabinoid compounds unique to the cannabis plant. CBD oil is sourced from hemp plants grown on hemp farms. CBD generally contains very low levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound that is responsible for producing the feeling of being ‘high’. The low levels of THC in CBD is the reason why the use of CBD oil does not change the state of mind of a person, however, there are many reports that it may have a significant effect on the body. This has prompted researchers to investigate the possible therapeutic benefits of CBD and have discovered that its use indeed produces significant benefits. People who buy CBD in the UK generally tolerate it well and report none of the intoxicating effects of THC. Once CBD has been extracted from the cannabis plant, it is generally added to a carrier oil like hemp or coconut in different concentrations. Consumers can choose the concentration that suits their needs best.
What is Raw CBD Oil?
Raw CBD oil has not been processed beyond its original form. It contains small microscropic plant material and other compounds such as terpenes, chlorophyll, lipids, and fats etc that have not been filtered out by further processing.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD produces effects by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors in the body. Unlike THC, it does not readily bind to the cannabinoid receptors that are key components in the human endocannabinoid system located in the central nervous system of the body.
There are two cannabinoid receptors in the body:
- CB1 receptors that are located throughout the body but particularly in the brain. These receptors regulate a variety of processes like pain, memory, immunity, mood, appetite, and stress among others.
- CBD2 receptors are mostly located in the immune system and affect pain and inflammation.
CBD compounds stimulate these receptors to produce endocannabinoids, the body’s own cannabinoids. The production of cannabinoids occurs naturally, regardless of whether a person is using CBD or not. However, the use of CBD oil has been shown to significantly enhance the benefits of these functions.
What are the Various Forms of CBD?
Tinctures and Oils
Tincture and oil products are very well absorbed by the body. It is applied under the tongue (sublingually). One of the quickest ways to administer CBD oil directly into the bloodstream is to hold the oil or tincture under the tongue and then swallow it. 60–90 seconds is recommended for optimal absorption. The effects typically last for about 4–6 hours. Because it is convenient to use and the effects last a long time, this is one of the more popular forms of CBD.
CBD oil can also be consumed by mixing it with food or adding it to drinks like juice.
Capsules taken orally take around 45 minutes for full absorption and the effects last for about 10–12 hours. This form of CBD is a good choice if you are looking for long-lasting effects. When mixed with liquid these water soluble tinctures in capsule form can be consumed as an edible.
CBD oil infused skin creams are designed to enhance the absorption of CBD cannabinoids trans-dermally. They are generally recommended for use on the body and will moisturise the skin throughout the day in addition to treating the affected area. Use on the face is less common.
What are the Benefits of CBD Oil?
CBD has been known to have calming effects on the mind as well as the body. It may be beneficial to health in a variety of ways and is most commonly used to help treat the following conditions:
- Chronic pain
- Joint and Arthritis pain
- Depression and Anxiety
- Sleep Disorders
- PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)
- Allergies like asthma
- Seizures and Epilepsy
- MS (Multiple sclerosis)
- Lung conditions
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
Is the Use of CBD Legal?
Cannabis use has been legalized in regions across the world. In the UK it is 100% legal to use CBD although manufacturers are required to adhere to strict guidelines and to disclose the ingredients of each product to consumers. Use is not recommended for persons under the age of 18.